When we talk about hacking and how we can protect ourselves from being hacked, we have to understand first what is hacking. We can say hacking is a practice of modifying features of a system, in order to complete a goal outside of creator’s original purpose. The person who is consistently engaged in hacking activities, and has accepted this as a lifestyle and philosophy of their choice, is called a hacker.
Computer hacking is the most popular nowadays, especially in the field of computer security, but hacking exists in many other forms, such as phone hacking, brain hacking, etc. and it’s not limited to either of them.
M.I.T. engineers in the 1950s and 1960s first popularized the term and concept of hacking. Starting at model train club and later in mainframe computer rooms, so-called “hacks” perpetrated by these hackers were intended to be harmless technical experiments and fun learning activities.
Later, outside of M.I.T., others began applying the term to less honourable pursuits. At that time Internet was not popular, for example, at that time several hackers in the U.S. experiment with different methods to modify telephones for making free long-distance calls over the phone network illegally.
Hackers play a “redundant” yet a momentous role on the internet. It creates thousands, if not, millions of jobs, in the IT field but they are a threat to webmasters, such as you and me alike.
But don’t you worry about that because I am going to tell you some tips and tricks through which you can prevent yourself for being hacked.When you are hacked,it feels personal. It’s disconcerting and problematic when your are on social media accounts,email or other accounts are compromised.Therefore, limit your exposure to these threatsnow by making sure you’re avoiding these mistakes that open up easy hacker entry points to your network.
Do you use same username and password universally? That may be easy to remember but it puts you on huge risk. When the data of online shopping is compromised, hackers have your username and password. If you use the same login testimonial on your email and bank account, your security has been seriously compromised.Hackers are experts at programming computers to plough through data very quickly. It is advised to choose longer passwords, which are more secureas number of possible combinations grows exponentially with every extra character added. Hackers use a technique called “dictionary attack” where they frequently try username and password combinations by running through hundreds of general words, phrases, numbers and combination them till they get lucky. It’s important you use random strings like ‘#’, ‘$’ and ‘%’
When your security software notifies you about the update, take action to do it becauseeven if you are staying on top of updates from your antivirus and antimalware software .you may be at risk.When your device advices you to update you software don’t turn it off. Older version programs make it easier for hackers to hack your accounts. If your device doesn’t do automatic updates then keep checking frequently for updates and always update your software and plug-ins.
If you are using Google or facebook make sure to enable 2-step verification. It adds an extra layer of security on your account. In addition to your username and password, you will enter a code that they will send you via text when you login. That will make its tougher for someone to guess your password.
Always use HTTPS on every website.Most of internet browsers like internet explorer,Google Chrome have that HTTPS but if youdo not have that tool in your browser than install it from internet.Itwill encrypt all the information of your browser, which it is sending between your computer and websites. If you see only HTTP in the address bar it means your internet session is not secure or may be someone is spying on your internet session.
If you use public computers more often just don’t forget to clear cookies and cache before you leave that computer even if service provider claim “no tracking of privacy” or anything like that.A quick clean before you leave that computer would notpinch anyone.
When you are using internet some pop-ups may open on your screen. Pop-ups can contain malicious software, which can trick you into verifying something. When you click on that some download might take placein background which will install malwares. So always ignore pop-ups offering things like site survey on e-commerce sites.
Remember that you are humans after all. Much of above are technical solutions to prevent you from being hacked. Hackers are skilful in tricking human beings not computers by deceiving their trust andtaking advantage of our self-indulgence or philanthropic impulse. Thus, human error is still the most likely reason why you will be hacked.